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Video: Navy’s Triton UAS Achieves First Flight

by Kris Osborn on May 22, 2013

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The U.S. Navy successfully conducted a first test-flight of its MQ-4C Triton aircraft, a wide-spanning 47-foot long surveillance drone equipped with high-tech, next-generation sensors able to conduct surveillance, reconnaissance and communications-relay missions over thousands of miles ocean, service officials said.

During the 80-minute flight in restricted airspace in Palmdale, Calif., the MQ-4C Triton unmanned aircraft, controlled by ground-based Navy and Northrop Grumman personnel, reached 20,000 feet, according to a Navy statement.

“This flight represents a significant milestone for the Triton team,” Rear Adm. Mat Winter, who leads the Program Executive Office for Unmanned Aviation and Strike Weapons at Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Md., said in a written statement provided by the Navy. “The work they have done and will continue to do is critical to the future of naval aviation, particularly to our maritime patrol and reconnaissance community.”

The MQ-4C Triton UAS will be based at five locations around the globe. Triton operators will disseminate data in real-time to fleet units to support surface warfare, intelligence operations, strike warfare and search and rescue

“Our goal is to mature the Triton UAS before supporting the Navy’s maritime ISR mission,” said Capt. Jim Hoke, program manager for the Persistent Maritime UAS office (PMA-262), which oversees the Triton program.  “The data we collect the next few years is essential to certify the system for operational use.”

The aircraft, which boasts a 130-foot wingspan and can reach altitudes of 60,000 feet, is engineered as a long-endurance surveillance platform, meaning it can stay in the air as long at 30 hours on a single mission, according to Navy figures.http://images.defensetech.org/wp-includes/js/tinymce/plugins/wordpress/img/trans.gif

The Triton’s first planned flight was part of an ongoing System Development and Demonstration (SDD) phase, in place since the Navy awarded Northrop Grumman a $1.16 billion deal to develop the aircraft in 2008, an industry source indicated.

The 89-month SDD phase, which includes initiatives to develop, test and refine the engineering of the air vehicle and integrate the sensor payload, is an acquisition phase aimed at refining requirements for the system and maturing its technologies prior to formal production, an industry source explained.

Thus far, two MQ-4C Triton’s have been built and a third is under construction at a Northrop facility in Moss Point, Miss., an industry source said.  The Navy plans to build additional aircraft and move toward an Initial Operational Test and Evaluation by 2015, a move which assesses the operational and technological readiness of the system prior to formal production.

The Triton UAS, part of the Navy’s Broad Area Maritime Surveillance UAS developmental program, is a specially engineered maritime variant of the Air Force’s RQ-4B Global Hawk platform, Navy officials explained.

“The modifications include anti/de-ice, bird strike and lightning protection to meet planned mission profiles and a due regard radar for safe separation from other aircraft,” Hoke added.

The anti/de-ice and lighting protection technologies, which include a reinforced fuselage and wing, are being engineered into the MQ-4C Triton as part of the maritime requirements for its range of anticipated mission sets, Navy and industry officials said.

“The Navy’s maritime variant is engineered to operate beneath the weather and have the ability to quickly be re-tasked as mission requirements dictate,” a Navy official said.

Since identifying ships, watercraft and coastal items are part of the Triton’s mission set, the aircraft is being engineered to ascend and descend to make identification of targets, an industry source added.

“The Global Hawk was meant for high-altitude missions over land. Triton contains upgrades and changes to make it capable of this kind of maritime mission. The difference with Triton is you are going over ocean. The Triton has a 360-degree capability with all of its sensors. The Naval domain is every which way,” he said.

The Triton is equipped with Automatic Identification Systems as part of its sensor payload, giving the aircraft an ability to track ship movements on the ocean by identifying their transponders.

Through a process referred to as manned/unmanned teaming, the Triton is engineered to work in tandem with manned surveillance aircraft such as the P8-A, or Poseidon, according to a Navy factsheet on the program.

In fact, the Triton’s next-generation radar, called the Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS), is a 360-degree radar capability optimized to provide the identification of surface ships over vast areas covering thousands of miles, an industry source said.

The Triton’s sensors also include a high-definition, Electro-Optical/Infra-Red camera and a communications relay device so that it can function as a line-of-sight “node” connecting Naval forces dispersed over a large area.

MFAS is engineered with a multi-mode capability, meaning it can operate in maritime-surface-search (MSS) mode for tracking maritime targets and also in inverse-synthetic aperture mode for classifying ships, an industry source explained.

The MQ-4C can reach airspeeds up to 310 knots and is able to perform persistent surveillance missions over areas up to 2,000 nautical miles, a Navy factsheet confirmed.

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{ 22 comments… read them below or add one }

USS ENTERPRISE May 22, 2013 at 5:27 pm

Northrop Grumman is making some serious headway with drones. Are we looking at the next major defense contractor, in this case in the field of drones?

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EW3 May 22, 2013 at 5:47 pm

"The 89-month SDD phase"

That's over 7 years ! Seems awfully long, particularly since it's based on the Global Hawk which is a proven design.

OTOH, it's good the USN is working on a UAV for this mission.

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blight_ May 22, 2013 at 6:03 pm

My concern is that the compromises made for the naval mission (ascend-descend) may compromise performance of what was intended to be a high-loiter aircraft.

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@GreensboroVet May 27, 2013 at 8:39 pm

At least they have the ability to look before they shoot.

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Josh May 22, 2013 at 9:23 pm

Yeah, that's a pretty long time. Especially for an aircraft program that was started in 2008 and unveiled in 2012…

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FormerDirtDart May 23, 2013 at 12:00 am

The Navy took delivery of it's first aircraft as part of the Global Hawk Maritime Demonstration program in mid 2005.
That basically works out to in the area of 89 months. http://www.irconnect.com/noc/press/pages/news_rel

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Josh May 23, 2013 at 2:28 pm

Umm, you can go off of that source, but I'm going to stick with my source because it is a little more reliable. http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?rele

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EW3 May 22, 2013 at 6:13 pm

There is always mid-air refueling. We have that technology.
Perhaps from an X-47 ;)

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marc27 May 22, 2013 at 6:52 pm

is it going to be carrier base? cant they just developed an specific version of the x47 with external fuel tanks perhaps. why waste money on another program when the x-47 can do that job.

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blight_ May 22, 2013 at 7:37 pm

It's not intended to be catapult launched.

It's also meant to have superior loiter time and to carry a pretty significant reconaissance payload. The X-47 and its successors are meant for combat and will be fast and maneuverable instead of slow and high-loiter-time.

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@GreensboroVet May 27, 2013 at 8:43 pm

Just a cool idea. Teaming The MQ-4C Triton UAS and two X-47or offspring as long range hunter/killer packs.

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FormerDirtDart May 22, 2013 at 8:44 pm

It supposed to perform mission to complement the mission of the Navy's P-8 Poseidon Multimission Maritime Aircraft.
You know, another one of the literal scores (a couple hundred) of non-carrier operational aircraft employed by the US Navy. C-9s, C-20s, C-37s, C-40s, C-130s, CT-39, E-6s, F-5s, EP-3s, P-3s, T-6s, T-44s and UC-35

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jamesb May 22, 2013 at 10:58 pm

Let me see if I have this staright?

The Air Force is LOSING it's Global Hawks possibly to U-s's while the Navy is pressing ahead?

Ok….
That DOES make sense right?

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FormerDirtDart May 22, 2013 at 11:38 pm

The Air Force is not losing it's Global Hawks. It wants to end the procurement and operation of the RQ-4 Block 30. At the same time the Air Force would like to increase it's buy of the 'Block 40 variant.

The Air Force would rather spend it's funds on a more updated aircraft.

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STemplar May 22, 2013 at 11:42 pm

The USAF is losing one version. The one that performed poorly for optics. They have other versions that perform different ISR missions.

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jamesb May 22, 2013 at 10:59 pm

U-2's

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jamesb May 22, 2013 at 11:46 pm

Ok….

Thanks for info…..

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SFP May 23, 2013 at 2:35 am

is it going to be carrier base? cant they just developed an specific version of the x47 with external fuel tanks perhaps. why waste money on another program when the x-47 can do that job.

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USS ENTERPRISE May 23, 2013 at 11:00 am

SR-71.

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Jon Musser May 23, 2013 at 11:20 am

land based… wing were the size of a 737

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USS ENTERPRISE May 23, 2013 at 1:54 pm

Carrier base?! The thing's wing span would take up the entire hanger deck.

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Phono May 31, 2013 at 10:46 am

isn't it a Orca looking?! cool

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