Home » Sea » Navy’s Bluefin-21 Drone Dives for MH370

Navy’s Bluefin-21 Drone Dives for MH370

by Bryant Jordan on April 18, 2014

BluefinOne of the most advance undersea drones contracted by the U.S. Navy is getting the workout of its robotic life this week as it plunges ever deeper into the Indian Ocean in search of missing Malaysian Airline’s flight MH370’s locator.

The Bluevin-21 has been on the scene in the Indian Ocean for about two weeks as searchers from more than two dozen countries have been listening for and attempting to triangulate faint signals from the plane’s flight recorder, the so-called “black box.”

“The Navy has hired Phoenix (under our contract with NAVSEA) to bring our AUV to Australia in support of the search,” Phoenix International spokesman Pete LeHardy said.

On Friday, the 16-foot-long autonomous underwater vehicle dove beyond its depth rating of 14,765 feet in search of the box, putting its sophisticated technology at risk of damage.

“This is the first time the Bluefin-21 has descended to this depth,” Navy spokesman Lt. JG Daniel Marciniak said in a statement. “Diving to such depths does carry with it some residual risk to the equipment.”

Navy searchers have been frustrated by an automatic safety mechanism on the AUV that kicks in when it goes deeper than its maximum depth of 14,763 feet, according to a report Friday by Reuters. At that depth the bright yellow AUV automatically returns to the surface.

The AUV is being monitored at the scene by the Navy and Phoenix International, the company that owns the Bluefin-21 and is providing support to the Navy under contract. Built by Bluefin Robotics of Quincy, Mass., the AUV’s payload includes “side-scan” sonar that the Navy hopes will locate the box in a search area now encompassing about 1,200 miles.

The Malaysian plane is believed to have gone down in the vast Indian Ocean on March 8 after a radical change of course from its Beijing, China, destination. The search area now is about 2,000 miles west of Perth, Australia.

The Bluefin-21 is believed to be the best hope now to locate the box, since the black box’s battery life of two weeks has passed and no signals are being picked up, the Reuters report said.

The Navy said earlier it would only deploy the Bluefin-21 once there was a “high degree of confidence” that they were in the general area where the plane went down.

The Navy’s search for the black box included deployment of its towed pinger locator system, the TPL-25, which it has used for years to locate downed military and commercial aircraft through the pings emitted from their flight recorders.

The TPL-25 uses a towed, underwater hydrophone, a tow cable and a shipboard processor suite manned by a team of specialists. When it picks up a signal the team can approximate the black box location through triangulation.

Next step would be to deploy the Bluefin-21 to that area, where its sonar or still camera can determine the exact location, according to a description of the process put out by the navy.

The Bluefin-21’s effective range depends on several factors, the Navy said, including water depth in the search area, the contours of the sea floor and the size of the material it is looking for – in this case the flight recorder. For that reason the Navy said it could not provide a standard maximum range, but offered – as a rough estimate – being able to search about 40 square miles per day.

But the Navy said that estimate could change, depending on the undersea environment.

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{ 51 comments… read them below or add one }

blight_ April 18, 2014 at 2:47 pm

NR-1 would've done the job, but we retired the platform without (public) replacement.

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A.Physicist April 18, 2014 at 3:11 pm

Far too deep for NR-1, or any non-specialized sub for that matter.

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Bronco46 April 18, 2014 at 8:26 pm

NR-1 bottomed out at between 3000 & 3500 feet.

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blight_ April 21, 2014 at 11:52 am

Mea culpa. NR-1 indeed is publicly specced to ~3500 feet, though I still feel something like it would've been more useful than maritime patrol aircraft attempting to use people with binoculars to detect floating detrius.

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tiger April 21, 2014 at 7:30 pm

Blight, it's been a month +. There is no floating debris. This long drag sonar search work. Back & forth till you cover a search box. Just like Bob Ballard did to find stuff.

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oblatt22 April 18, 2014 at 3:26 pm

Actually the story in Asia is about the absence of American participation. While China has multiple ships and even places like Taiwan are visible we seem to be only represented by a small amount of towed equipment – one pinger locator only ? and a single P8.

If it hadn't been in the Australian area of responsibility would they even be being used at all ?

A couple of popular conspiracy theories are about how we aren't involved because we caused the crash. Far from being committed and living the the Pacific we have managed to position ourselves as untrustworthy interlopers into Asia.

Looks like the Pacific pivot will remain firmly in port at Hawaii and San Diego.

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JohnnyRanger April 18, 2014 at 5:30 pm

What on earth does this have to do with the Pacific pivot? We don't build our war machines with "finding missing commercial airliners" in mind, and besides, they are looking in the INDIAN Ocean. And oh, BTW, we are providing what is apparently the single most important asset – your "one pinger locator only" – that has any hope of finding the flight recorders…

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ShamWowed April 18, 2014 at 5:41 pm

Johnny you are wasting your time. You are dealing with a self-absorbed maniac who has declared DefenseTech as his Fiefdom.

Oblatt spouting BS louder than the next guy does not make you right. Just loud and annoying.

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JohnnyRanger April 18, 2014 at 5:50 pm

Well, I guess we all have our disagreements. The only person I have ever sincerely disliked on these boards was "Restore Palestine", who was a genuinely anti-American jerk. Thankfully, he seems to have disappeared. PS – funny handle!

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bn girl April 24, 2014 at 1:06 pm

JohnnyRanger, I recomend that you change your standard, because there are thousands if not millions of reasons for people around the world to be anti-American, or more accurately, anti-imperialist, anti-terror, anti-mass-murder, and anti-subversion, because that's what the US has been doing around the world.

You may refuse to read about the truths and blindly accept media propaganda. But facts will remain facts.

bn girl April 24, 2014 at 12:55 pm

You will refuse to reckon this but Oblatt comes off far more credible, knowledgeable and balanced than you. Do you ever read your own posts and compare them with those you disagree or dislike?

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ShamWowed April 18, 2014 at 6:03 pm

So now you are in disapproval of us not spending tax dollars? Nice to see that change of heart. Well when it is convenient for you. Since you are taking such a strong stance to our presence in the Pacific why not enlist? I get it, you are too beneficial to the common people on here allowing them the pleasure to bask in your magnificence.

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oblatt22 April 19, 2014 at 1:36 pm

>What on earth does this have to do with the Pacific pivot?

Laughingly provincial

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ShamWowed April 21, 2014 at 11:44 am

More concerned with the pivot of your theme to bash every defense project that is wasting your precious tax dollars and now you degrade the military for not representing in the Pacific which consequently, would cost more tax dollars. Your arrogance knows no bounds. Just curious, what is your rank in your mythological empire?

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Snowden Rocks April 21, 2014 at 1:18 pm

It's not a conspiracy theory. Statistically speaking, American saboteurs would be the most likely culprits.

The usual suspects: 1. USA, 2. UK, 3. Israel, 4. a combination of the 3.

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bn girl April 21, 2014 at 4:53 pm

I completely agree. The evil of neo cons, CIA, NSA, MI6 and Mossad knows no bottom.

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peters April 29, 2014 at 2:10 pm

the US military might have been the culprit, again:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aUgWhUkkzr4

multiple goals accomplished:

- to "show Putin" what the US can and will do

- to kill 20 Freescale computer specialists on their way to a technical conference in Beijing, China; they are competitors to some US companies

- to test radar / GPS disruption devices

- to seed discord in Sino-Malaysian relationship

- to punish Malaysia for its war crime tribunal's guilty verdict against US war criminals

- to test PLA Navy's search and rescue capabilities

- …

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009 April 18, 2014 at 3:54 pm

Waste of time, they'll find Amelia Earhart before they'll find flight MH370. Look above ground.

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tiger April 19, 2014 at 4:24 am

The pingers are in the ocean. There is no ground for miles.

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Dickie Cockpit April 18, 2014 at 6:44 pm

The Russians aren't helping because they took the aircraft with secret information that Snowden the Traitor supplied. (This is also why Obama is helpless in Ukraine.)

Think about it, what did everybody want when airliner hijackings began. A way to remotely control the aircraft to seize it back from the hijackers, or in this case the legitimate flight crew.

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tiger April 19, 2014 at 4:22 am

This is not "Thunderball" & a airliner to China is exactly full of secret info.

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Dickie Cockpit April 20, 2014 at 12:45 am

Duh-Whut?

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tiger April 20, 2014 at 8:29 pm

Not full of info….

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Dickie Cockpit April 20, 2014 at 10:43 pm

yeah, I didn't mean the aircraft was full of secret info. I meant that the Russians hijacked it using 'secret info' that they received from Snowden. The pilot could have loaded flight info into the auto pilot but it doesn't really fit the evidence. What I'm saying is the Russians loaded it remotely using ????? electronic warfare. Or the Chinese, they got to see Snowdens laptop too.

Dickie

hibeam April 18, 2014 at 11:24 pm

In 1960 two guys went down 35,000 feet. And in 2014 the best we can do with an unmanned robot is 15,000 feet? What the hell is up with that? I understand this thing can map the ocean bottom, but c'mon Its been 54 years.

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tiger April 19, 2014 at 4:19 am

What does one event have to do with the other? The missions are not he same. Nor is a manned craft the best option for basically a sonar search.

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NathanS April 19, 2014 at 5:09 am

Where is this recorded? As far as I can see, the deep diving record using deep diving apparatus (solid pressure proof suits) is only 2000 feet, set by the US Navy in 2007.

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hibeam April 19, 2014 at 5:14 am

The two guys went down in the Bathyscaphe Trieste. Other examples too. One guy went that deep by his lonesome in a mini sub. Must be the sonar mapping gear is difficult to send that deep, ya gotta send out the ping and receive the echo so its inherently a pressure sensitive arrangement.

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oblatt22 April 19, 2014 at 1:45 pm

No if anything the deeper you go the easier it gets for ultrasonic sensors. The fact is that US navy just doesn't do deep sea anymore – it doesn't have the equipment or the training. Add it to the list.

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tmb2 April 20, 2014 at 3:55 am

Those guys went down in a capsule with the internal volume of a large bathtub. Their mission was just to see if it was possible. We haven't done it again because there's no purpose. There's still significant technology and expense to get equipment down that far and have it survive and doing this kind of mission is a niche that doesn't happen that often.

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hibeam April 20, 2014 at 11:08 am

Aircraft go down at sea. How can you say there is no purpose for this gear? You have a purpose in front of you right now as I type. I'm surprised that we don't have this kind of gear. I'll make some. There are magnesium nodules down there, I'm gonna get me some. Maybe take a peek at a Russian sub while I'm down there.

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Frank896 April 19, 2014 at 5:01 pm

Obama, hell, he could not find Air Force one without a teleprompter. He should get Putin and Assad in Syria to give him his balls back. Why are we over there in the first place? It took two years to locate Air France 447 and they had a idea where it crashed.
We know more about the moon than the oceans and earth is 2/3 to 3/4 water anyway. If it's in the ocean it's too deep. I don't believe we ever got the correct info to start with. Oh, by the way where are the mighty Chinese? They're so good let them find it. By the way, what war have they fought in the last 50 years? They do get the first lady to jump rope on TV though.

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hibeam April 19, 2014 at 9:08 pm

Dude.. that can't be good for your Aorta.

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skeptic April 22, 2014 at 10:45 am

Interesting that the Chinese think the pilot held the plane and passengers for ransom to get his relative (a big shot) out of jail but Malaysia wouldn't play so he crashed it. They do not want to plane found because the recorder would show the radio traffic between him and them. Never heard about this on TV anywhere.
Just like the SK ferry sinking, never heard about all the cars shifting and helped it to turn on it's side have you?

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tiger April 22, 2014 at 1:37 pm

That makes no sense… There is no radio traffic about a ransom. Nor does flying off to no place make sense. As for the ferry? Common design issue with ferries.

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skeptic April 23, 2014 at 9:02 am

Notice just this AM they finally anounced the ferry was overloaded.
Sure, there's no radio traffic because Malaysia is hiding it according to my Chinese sources. That's why they are so upset. It was on a secure channel. Isn't it confusing that evrytime you turn around Malaysia has a new theory or new piece of evidence???? First the plane is here, no over there, neither place, no transmissions, OH a cell phone was on, the copilots, OH we had a sattelite ping, OH we had another one. The plane went farther than thought, OOPS no, the plane didn't go as far as it could have????

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bn girl April 23, 2014 at 12:48 pm

Exactly. The Malaysian government has shown zero credibility in its handling of the disappeared jet. Can't believe a single word out of their mouth. Plenty of busted attempts at cover-up.

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bn girl April 23, 2014 at 12:42 pm

Even tigers in the wild are not as naive as you are. You reason like a home-trapped teenager without any exposure to the outside world.

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Connor Cook April 22, 2014 at 3:56 pm

Do we even have the slightest bit of evidence that its under the ocean? We've been looking how long?

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ide April 22, 2014 at 5:32 pm

The Bluefin-21 drone is useless for the job. These guys might be trying to set the stage for getting massive funding to "develop more capable undersea drones to enhance Navy's rescue capabilities in war time scenarios."

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Andrew April 22, 2014 at 11:38 pm

Time to start checking the northern arc of the assumed search vector,not just the south, down towards Perth.I still remain attracted to the idea that the plane looped back towards Malaysia somewhere between Penang and Langkawi as a result of an in-flight emergency,eschewing its KL point of departure because of high terrain on approach to that city.Jungle crash,mountain crash,crash landing….who knows?….Is the Malaysian military even conducting its own searches with helicopters and shore patrol vessels?.

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tiger April 23, 2014 at 10:27 am

Radar tracks do not support that.

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skeptic April 24, 2014 at 8:32 am

SO, why doesn't Malaysia and Indonesai release the "sensitive" reports they just wrote about the incident. More continued withhoilding of information. Again and again and again. More coverups. As for the pings: ever used a decoy to put you off track.

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anthony April 25, 2014 at 5:49 am

It couldnt hurt looking on ground. Something has to pop up now or later?

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blight_ April 20, 2014 at 11:15 pm

Snowden doesn't have a Magic Laptop.

/shrug

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tiger April 21, 2014 at 7:37 pm

Why would Russia need to hijack a night flight to China?

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Dickie Cockpit April 21, 2014 at 1:57 am

I'm going to assume humor?

So no one thinks there is any way to have an effect on an aircraft's avionics using advanced radar and other EW goodies?

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Mark April 21, 2014 at 10:37 am

A pilot can tell if he's off course due to a massive turn. You don't have to be a rocket scientist to see your turn will take you drastically off course. 2nd it was a night flight. You can still find the North Star to once again tell you that you are turning and then headed the wrong way. Your magnetic compass can't be fooled from some up loaded malware. Any airliner trained pilot will spot faulty equipment or erroneous readings. They are all trained for just such circumstances and certified.

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Dick CockPit April 21, 2014 at 1:11 pm

Oh, well, 'certified' then. So nothing could have gone wrong and the flight landed safely in Beijing.

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tiger April 21, 2014 at 7:32 pm

Nothing of the type your talking about.

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bn girl April 23, 2014 at 1:44 pm

I think he is right. The drone is inadequate for the job. Stop insulting people.

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